Data recovery is the process of retrieving lost, damaged, corrupted, or inaccessible data from storage media such as hard disk drives (HDDs), solid-state drives (SSDs), USB drives, memory cards, and other devices. This could include recovering deleted files, repairing corrupted files, or restoring data from a damaged storage device.

Types of Data Recovery:
Deleted File Recovery: This involves recovering files that have been accidentally deleted or intentionally erased from storage media. For more information please visit שחזור
Formatted Drive Recovery: When a storage device is formatted, data is often not completely erased but rather marked as available space. Recovery software can sometimes retrieve data from formatted drives.
Partition Recovery: Partition recovery is needed when a partition on a hard drive becomes inaccessible or is accidentally deleted. It involves restoring the partition table and recovering data from the affected partition.
Physical Data Recovery: In cases where storage media has suffered physical damage, such as a malfunctioning hard drive or a broken USB drive, specialized techniques and tools may be required to recover the data. This often involves repairing or replacing damaged components in a cleanroom environment.
RAID Recovery: RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) systems are used to store data across multiple drives for redundancy and performance. RAID recovery involves reconstructing data from a RAID array in the event of drive failure or corruption.
Data Recovery Process:
Evaluation: The first step is to assess the extent of the data loss and determine the best course of action for recovery.
Device Preparation: Depending on the type of recovery needed, the storage device may need to be prepared for data extraction. This could involve imaging the device to prevent further data loss.
Data Extraction: Using specialized software or hardware, the data is extracted from the storage device. This may involve scanning the device for lost or damaged data and reconstructing files or file systems.
Data Reconstruction: Once the data is extracted, it may need to be reconstructed or repaired to make it usable again. This could involve repairing corrupted files or rebuilding damaged file systems.
Data Restoration: Finally, the recovered data is restored to a safe location, such as a different storage device or the original device once it has been repaired.
Data Recovery Software:
There are various data recovery software options available, both free and paid, that can help recover lost or deleted data from storage devices. Some popular examples include:

EaseUS Data Recovery Wizard
Stellar Data Recovery
Disk Drill
These software tools typically offer features for recovering different types of data loss scenarios and support a wide range of storage devices. However, their effectiveness can vary depending on the specific circumstances of the data loss.